Literacy is a specific area of the EYFS Curriculum. The Literacy curriculum is divided into two sections: Reading and Writing. At King Edward, Literacy sessions are delivered through story time, play and group activities. There are plenty of opportunities for children to explore and deepen their knowledge of reading and writing.
Phonics is a method for teaching reading and writing by developing learners' phonemic awareness- the ability to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes -in order to teach the correspondence between these sounds and the spelling patterns (graphemes) that represent them. At King Edward, phonics is taught daily at 9am and usually lasts approximately 20 minutes. The format of the lesson is the same everyday which enables children to grow accustomed to the 4 different parts of the lesson.
Blending to read
When phonemes (units of sound) are merged together to make a word.
To read an unfamiliar word, a child must link a sound (phoneme) to each letter in a word and then merge them together to say the word. d-o-g merges together to make dog
Segmenting to write
In order to spell the word cat, it is necessary to segment the word into separate sounds; c-a-t. Before writing a word young children need time to think about it, say the word several times, segment the word (using robot arms, jumps and claps) and then write it down. bag b-a-g